Biomarkers and Biologics in Chronic Rhinosinusitis

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Embargoed until 2024-04-21
Copyright: Ho, Jacqueline
Abstract
Eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (eCRS) or type 2 dominant chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a complex inflammatory disease mediated by type-2 cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-5. Management of this condition is often difficult, requiring multimodal approaches with local and systemic medications as well as surgical therapy. Biologic therapies, including mepolizumab (a monoclonal antibody targeting IL-5), have been successfully used in eosinophilic asthma and are emerging as a new treatment in CRS and eCRS, however there is limited data in this field. This thesis focuses on biomarkers and biologics in CRS. Firstly, identifying and assessing clinical biomarkers that are available to the guide management in patients with CRS and eCRS. Secondly, a prospective open-label single-arm single-centre study of the effectiveness of mepolizumab in patients with eCRS was performed. In this study, biomarkers as well as clinical, functional, and patient reported outcomes are assessed to determine the utility of mepolizumab as biologic treatment for eCRS.
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Publication Year
2022
Resource Type
Thesis
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PhD Doctorate
UNSW Faculty