Extending the dynamic range of electrochemical sensors using multiple modified electrodes

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Abstract
Multiple electrodes, combined with a chemometric strategy to calibrate the measurement response, have been used for the determination of an analyte across a broader dynamic range than is possible with a single electrode. The model system used for the detection of copper comprised electrodes modified with a self-assembled monolayer. The electrodes were modified with the copper-complexing species (3-mercaptopropionic acid, thioctic acid, and the peptides cysteine and Gly-Gly-His) and copper was determined over concentrations ranging from nanomolar to millimolar using voltammetric analysis. We have demonstrated that by combining the calibration functions from the four electrodes a better estimate (i.e. with smaller variance) of the concentration of the analyte is obtained. Measurement uncertainty is expressed for independently prepared electrodes, which allows the possibility of commercial production and factory calibration. The principles of using multiple electrodes modified with recognition elements with different affinities for the target analyte to extend the dynamic range of sensors is a general one that could be applied to other analytes. © Springer-Verlag 2007.
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Author(s)
Chow, Edith
Wong, Elicia
Pascoe, O
Hibbert, D. Brynn
Gooding, John
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Publication Year
2007
Resource Type
Journal Article
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UNSW Faculty