This report contains the five Invited Plenary Session papers presented to the Second National Social Policy Conference held at the University of New South Wales on 3-5 July 1991. The theme of the Conference, Social Policy in Australia: Options for the 1990s forms the title of the report. The Social Policy Research Centre is also publishing two volumes of selected contributed papers in the SPRC Reports and Proceedings series as well as editing a Special Issue of The Australian Quarterly (No. 3, 1991) containing a further selection of contributed papers. This volume is concerned with a range of issues of importance to social policy, both theoretical and practical, demonstrating the links between the two. Geoff Dow discusses the nature of social democracy; Trevor Hogan examines notions of social policy and citizenship through the works of two British intellectuals; two papers discuss social justice (Bill Hampel with reference to the teaching of English as a second language and Frances Press with reference to children's services); two papers are concerned with discrimination (V. Dharmananda and, J. Williams in connection with age while Kerry Carrington examines the operation of racism in a town with an Aboriginal population); two papers look at the process of policy formation (Miriam Solomon in the field of mental health and Michael Steer with regard to people with disabilities). The remaining papers deal with specific programs: Aboriginal community enterprises (W.S. Arthur); respite care (F. Ehrlich et al.); the HACC program (Jane Halton); policies for homeless youth (M.J. Liddell and CR. Goddard); and training for non-government sector workers (Julie Nyland).