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A new kind of zirconia matrix ceramic material (ZrO2/Al2O3) has been developed with 3Y-PSZ (3 mol% Y2O3 partially stabilized ZrO2) and the additive of alumina. The wear resistance of ZYA20 (3Y-PSZ+20 wt.%Al2O3) has been experimentally investigated compared with ZYA30 (3Y-PSZ+30 wt.%Al2O3) by the wear ring-block test. It is shown that the friction coefficients of ZYA20 and ZYA30 decrease with the increment of the applied load and the wear ratios increase with the increment of the applied load. It is also found that their wear mechanisms are plastic deformation, adhesive and abrasive wear, as well as stripping. The wear resistance of ZYA20 and ZYA30 are very good at low load and ZYA20 is stronger than ZYA30.