A simulation model for the density of states and for incomplete ionization in crystalline silicon. II. Investigation of Si : As and Si : B and usage in device simulation

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Abstract
Building on Part I of this paper [Altermatt , J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113714 (2006)], the parametrization of the density of states and of incomplete ionization (ii) is extended to arsenic- and boron-doped crystalline silicon. The amount of ii is significantly larger in Si:As than in Si:P. Boron and phosphorus cause a similar amount of ii although the boron energy level has a distinctly different behavior as a function of dopant density than the phosphorus level. This is so because the boron ground state is fourfold degenerate, while the phosphorus ground state is twofold degenerate. Finally, equations of ii are derived that are suitable for implementation in device simulators. Simulations demonstrate that ii increases the current gain of bipolar transistors by up to 25% and that it decreases the open-circuit voltage of thin-film solar cells by up to 10 mV. The simulation model therefore improves the predictive capabilities of device modeling of p-n-junction devices.
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Author(s)
Altermatt, Pietro
Schenk, Andreas
Schmithuesen, B
Heiser, Gernot
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Publication Year
2006
Resource Type
Journal Article
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UNSW Faculty