Negative appraisals and cognitive avoidance of intrusive memories in depression: a replication and extension Williams, Alishia en_US Moulds, Michelle en_US 2021-11-25T12:27:06Z 2021-11-25T12:27:06Z 2008 en_US
dc.description.abstract Recent research has demonstrated that intrusive negative autobiographical memories represent a shared phenomenological feature of PTSD and depression. A preliminary investigation (Starr & Moulds, 2006) successfully applied a cognitive appraisal model of PTSD to the maintenance of intrusive memories in depression. The current investigation sought to replicate and extend these findings. Two hundred and fifty first-year undergraduate students were interviewed to assess for the presence of a negative autobiographical memory that had spontaneously intruded in the past week. Participants completed self-report inventories assessing trait and situational employment of cognitive avoidance mechanisms in response to these memories. Consistent with Starr and Moulds (2006), intrusion-related distress correlated with dysphoria, irrespective of intrusion frequency. Assigning negative appraisals to one’s intrusive memory and attempts to control the memory were positively associated with intrusion-related distress, level of depression, and cognitive avoidance mechanisms. Additionally, negative appraisals and control influenced the employment rumination as an avoidant response to a greater degree than the corresponding trait tendency. Finally, negative appraisals and the use of cognitive mechanisms was predictive of depression concurrently. The results support the validity of borrowing from PTSD models to elucidate the cognitive mechanisms that maintain intrusive memories in depressed samples. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1091-4269 en_US
dc.language English
dc.language.iso EN en_US
dc.rights CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 en_US
dc.rights.uri en_US
dc.source Legacy MARC en_US
dc.subject.other intrusive memories en_US
dc.subject.other depression en_US
dc.subject.other cognitive appraisals en_US
dc.subject.other avoidance en_US
dc.title Negative appraisals and cognitive avoidance of intrusive memories in depression: a replication and extension en_US
dc.type Journal Article en
dcterms.accessRights open access
dspace.entity.type Publication en_US
unsw.description.publisherStatement The definitive version of this article is available at Journal homepage: en_US
unsw.identifier.doiPublisher en_US
unsw.relation.faculty Science
unsw.relation.ispartofissue 7 en_US
unsw.relation.ispartofjournal Depression and Anxiety en_US
unsw.relation.ispartofpagefrompageto E26-E33 en_US
unsw.relation.ispartofvolume 25 en_US
unsw.relation.originalPublicationAffiliation Williams, Alishia, Psychology, Faculty of Science, UNSW en_US
unsw.relation.originalPublicationAffiliation Moulds, Michelle, Psychology, Faculty of Science, UNSW en_US School of Psychology *
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