Meridional movement of wind anomalies during ENSO events and their role in event termination

Download files
Access & Terms of Use
open access
Abstract
Observational analysis has shown that when El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events typically reach their peak amplitude in boreal winter, the associated zonal wind anomalies abruptly shift southward so that the maximum anomalous zonal wind is located around 5 degrees-7 degrees S. Here, an analysis utilizing multiple wind products identifies a clear ENSO phase nonlinearity in the extent of this meridional wind movement and its dynamically linked changes in equatorial heat content. It is shown that the meridional wind movement and its discharging effect increase with increasing El Nino amplitude, while both remain relatively small regardless of La Nina amplitude. This result implies that asymmetries in the extent of the meridional wind shift may contribute to the observed asymmetry in the duration of El Nino and La Nina events. We also evaluate the result sensitivities to wind product selection and discuss Eastern Pacific (EP) and Central Pacific (CP) El Nino event differences. Citation: McGregor, S., N. Ramesh, P. Spence, M. H. England, M. J. McPhaden, and A. Santoso (2013), Meridional movement of wind anomalies during ENSO events and their role in event termination, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 749-754, doi:10.1002/grl.50136.
Persistent link to this record
DOI
Link to Publisher Version
Additional Link
Author(s)
McGregor, Shayne
Ramesh, N
Spence, Paul
England, Matthew
McPhaden, M
Santoso, Agus
Supervisor(s)
Creator(s)
Editor(s)
Translator(s)
Curator(s)
Designer(s)
Arranger(s)
Composer(s)
Recordist(s)
Conference Proceedings Editor(s)
Other Contributor(s)
Corporate/Industry Contributor(s)
Publication Year
2013
Resource Type
Journal Article
Degree Type
UNSW Faculty
Files
download Publisher's version.pdf 1.09 MB Adobe Portable Document Format
Related dataset(s)