Gas Turbine Casing Vibrations under Blade Pressure Excitation

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The non-intrusive measurement of the condition of blades within a gas turbine would be a significant aid in the maintenance and continued operation of these engines. Online condition monitoring of the blade health by non-contact measurement methods is the ambition of most techniques. The current dominant method uses proximity probes to measure blade arrival time for subsequent monitoring. It has recently been proposed however, that measurement of the turbine casing vibration response could provide a means of blade condition monitoring, and even give the prospect of providing an estimation of the blade modal parameters. The casing vibration is believed to be excited pre-dominantly by (i) the moving pressure waveform around each blade throughout its motion and (ii) the moments applied by the stationary stator blades. Any changes to the pressure profile around the rotating blades, due to their vibration, will in turn affect these two dominant excitation forces, such that there will be some correlation between the casing response and blade vibrations. Previous work has introduced an analytical model of a gas turbine casing, and simulated pressure signal, associated with the rotating blades. The effect of individual rotor blade vibrations has been developed in order to understand the complex relationship between these excitation forces. A simplified turbine test rig has been constructed. Various aspects of the previous analytical modelling are presented, and then investigated and verified using results from the experimental program with this simplified test rig.
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Forbes, Gareth Llewellyn
Randall, Robert Bond
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UNSW Faculty
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