Fabrication of High Efficiency Wide Bandgap Perovskite Solar Cells

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Copyright: Lee, Minwoo
Due to the unique photovoltaic properties and ease of fabrication, organic-inorganic halide perovskites have generated considerable research interest. The perovskite solar cell can be applied to many applications, by tuning the bandgap. Inter of Things (IoT) devices and tandem solar cell applications, in particular, have been required for the wide bandgap perovskite solar cells. However, wide bandgap perovskite solar cells have band alignment mismatch problems, leading to charge recombination at the interface of perovskite, resulting in encouraging low device performance and decrease device stability. The first part of this thesis includes the study of the structure and working mechanism of perovskite solar cells. In addition, the defect of the perovskite was explained about how the majority of defects formed. This is caused by shallow defect energies within the bandgap, low density of deep traps, and low trap-charge interaction cross-sections which are occurred during the interaction between traps and charges. After that, the explanation of the reason how wide bandgap is applied for the indoor application. There is previous work on the tuning of the band alignment between perovskite and hole transfer layer which improved the efficiency of hole transfer, resulting in high device performance under the low light intensity condition. Lastly, the experiment of the thesis is focused on the address of the band alignment mismatch by adding two dimensional (2D) BA2PbBr4 perovskite layer for the tunnelling effect between the electron transport layer (ETL) and perovskite layer. The tunnelling layer of 2D perovskite improved the 3D perovskite crystal quality and charge transport from the 3D perovskite to ETL. As a result, the power conversion efficiency under the 200 lux white light emitting diodes (LED) light for the IoT devices was 43.70% with around 1 V of open circuit voltage and improved the device stability under the 1000 lux of white LED up to 1200 hrs.
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