The Costs of Children: Budget Standards Estimates and the Child Support Scheme McHugh, Marilyn en_US 2021-11-25T12:34:36Z 2021-11-25T12:34:36Z 1999 en_US
dc.description.abstract In 1998, the Department of Social Security released a report on the development of indicative budget standards for Australia, by a group of researchers at the Social Policy Research Centre. This paper explains the methodology used in the research, including a discussion of the strengths and limitations of the budget standards approach, and illustrates these by presenting estimates of the costs of children. A budget standard identifies the goods and services required to attain a given standard of living, and then prices them to arrive at the budget that corresponds to the standard. The research derives budgets for a broad range of Australian households at two separate standards: ‘modest but adequate’ and ‘low cost’. The modest but adequate standard broadly corresponds to what is needed in contemporary Australia to allow full participation in Australian society, falling between the standards of decency and survival on the one hand and luxury on the other. The low cost standard is one which still allows a degree of social and economic participation consistent with community standards, but may require frugal and careful management of resources. Budgets have been developed at the two standards for a total of 46 different household types. One advantage of the budget standards approach is that it allows estimates to be derived of the costs for additional household members, by comparing the estimates for different household types at the same standard of living. The paper explains how this is achieved in practice and illustrates the method by analysing the estimates of the costs of children produced from the research and comparing these estimates with the level of child support payments. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1447-8978 en_US
dc.language English
dc.language.iso EN en_US
dc.publisher Social Policy Research Centre, UNSW en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries SPRC Discussion Paper en_US
dc.rights CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 en_US
dc.rights.uri en_US
dc.source Legacy MARC en_US
dc.title The Costs of Children: Budget Standards Estimates and the Child Support Scheme en_US
dc.type Working Paper en
dcterms.accessRights open access
dspace.entity.type Publication en_US
unsw.identifier.doi Sydney en_US
unsw.relation.faculty Arts Design & Architecture
unsw.relation.ispartofworkingpapernumber 103 en_US
unsw.relation.originalPublicationAffiliation McHugh, Marilyn, Social Policy Research Centre, Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences, UNSW en_US Social Policy Research Centre *
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