This Report is the result of research undertaken by the Social Policy Research Centre on behalf of the University of New South Wales. As well as being institutions of teaching and research, universities are large employers. It is most appropriate, then, for a university to use the tools of disciplined enquiry in the review of its own performance as an employer. Working to a brief supplied by the University's Advisory Committee on Equal Employment Opportunities, SPRC researchers were asked to conduct a study of the employment conditions of those staff employed to teach and do research in the University on a casual basis. The findings of that inquiry are presented here. The findings address a significant gap in the information available about university staffing and employment. Though limited to one university at one point in time, this Report is expected to be of interest beyond the University of New South Wales.