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Stimulation of the myenteric plexus results in activation of submucosal neurons and dilation of arterioles, one way that motility and secretion can be coupled together. The present study aimed to examine the converse, whether myenteric neurons receive synaptic input from the submucosal plexus (SMP). Intracellular recordings were made from guinea-pig ileal myenteric neurons while the SMP was electrically stimulated. Of the 29 neurons studied (13 S and 16 AH neurons), stimulation of the SMP evoked a synaptic potential in only seven cells, or 24% of neurons. When the SMP was situated oral to the myenteric plexus, 4 of 13 (31%) myenteric neurons had synaptic input. When it was situated circumferential, 2 of 8 (25%) had input, and when the SMP was situated anal 1 of 8 (13%) had input. Overall, 5 of the 13 (38%) S neurons responded with fast excitatory post-synaptic potentials (EPSPs), one of which also showed a slow EPSP, while 2 of the 16 (13%) AH neurons responded with a slow EPSP. This study indicates that the synaptic input from the SMP to myenteric neurons is relatively sparse. Whether this input is less important than the myenteric to submucosal input or simply represents a more selective form of control is unknown.