LAPCAT: The Large Antarctic Plateau Clear-Aperture Telescope

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Abstract
We present a proposal for an 8.4 metre off-axis optical/IR telescope to be located at Dome C, Antarctica. LAPCAT will use a mirror identical to the offset segment recently cast for the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) as a completely unobscured f/2.1 primary. With a cooled deformable Gregorian secondary in a dewar following prime focus, LAPCAT will allow for diffraction-limited imaging with only a single reflecting surface at [similar to] 220K, and thus the lowest possible thermal background obtainable on earth. The exceptionally low atmospheric turbulence above Dome C enables very high contrast imaging in the thermal infrared, and diffraction limited imaging extending to optical wavelengths (20 mas at 800 nm, where Strehl ratios > 60% are projected). As an example, a deep 5 ?m exoplanet imaging survey to complement current radial velocity methods could take advantage of both the low background and pupil remapping methods for apodization enabled by the clear aperture. Many new, young, giant planets ( greater than or equal 3Mj at 1 Gyr) would be detected in orbits greater than or equal 5 AU out to 20 pc. By providing a test bed for many of the GMT technologies in an Antarctic environment, LAPCAT also paves the way for the eventual construction of a second GMT at Dome C. Such a telescope would have unparalleled capabilities compared both to other ELTs in temperate sites and to JWST.
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Author(s)
Storey, John
Lawrence, Jonathan
Ashley, Michael
Burton, Michael
Angel, Roger
Hinz, Phil
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Publication Year
2006
Resource Type
Conference Paper
Degree Type
UNSW Faculty
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download LAPCAT.doc 21.5 KB Microsoft Word
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