Social Participation and Family Welfare: The Money and Time Costs of Leisure Bittman, Michael en_US 2021-11-25T12:34:26Z 2021-11-25T12:34:26Z 1999 en_US
dc.description.abstract The concept of social exclusion has become the central organising concept in social policy research, especially in Europe. The term ‘social exclusion’ has displaced many of the terms formerly in use, such as ‘inequality’, ‘deprivation’ and ‘poverty’. Social exclusion is a multi-dimensional concept embracing economic, social and political deprivations, that alerts us to the significance of social identity, culture, agency and, ultimately, power relations. In contrast to some earlier research traditions, the perspective of social exclusion draws our attention to how people can be ‘shut out of society’ by their inability to participate in customary leisure activities. The ability to participate in leisure is the product of both access to leisure goods and services, and a sufficient quantity of leisure time. An analysis of the most recent Household Expenditure Survey shows that the consumption of leisure goods and services is powerfully determined by income. Consequently, low income can lead to exclusion from leisure participation. However, analysis of the most recent Time Use Survey shows that access to time for leisure participation is most powerfully determined by hours of employment, family responsibilities and gender. After controlling for working hours, household income has no significant effect on available leisure time. A leisure-time poverty line, based on half-median leisure time, is used to show which groups are most excluded from leisure by time constraints. The paper considers a range of policies to alleviate social exclusion from leisure participation. en_US
dc.identifier.isbn 0733405533 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1447-8978 en_US
dc.language English
dc.language.iso EN en_US
dc.publisher Social Policy Research Centre, UNSW en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries SPRC Discussion Paper en_US
dc.rights CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 en_US
dc.rights.uri en_US
dc.source Legacy MARC en_US
dc.title Social Participation and Family Welfare: The Money and Time Costs of Leisure en_US
dc.type Working Paper en
dcterms.accessRights open access
dspace.entity.type Publication en_US
unsw.identifier.doi Sydney en_US
unsw.relation.faculty Arts Design & Architecture
unsw.relation.ispartofworkingpapernumber 95 en_US
unsw.relation.originalPublicationAffiliation Bittman, Michael, Social Policy Research Centre, Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences, UNSW en_US Social Policy Research Centre *
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