A large sample of homosexually active men was recruited through the mail-out, self complete questionnaire procedure. The participants represent a broad cross-section of the homosexually active population of Australia, both gay community attached and non gay community attached men. The resultant data based on this diverse sample of homosexually active men drawn from every corner of Australia complement those findings from periodic surveys conducted in principal gay communities. The overall method is both efficient and cost effective. Hence, serious consideration should be given to repeating the survey in 2004 as part of the four-year cycle and as a way of obtaining reliable data on homosexually active men, particularly non gay community attached men who are rarely recruited into other studies.