Knowledge of risk management strategies, and information and risk management preferences of women at increased risk for ovarian cancer

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Little research is available on the level of knowledge about ovarian cancer risk management options in women at increased risk for this disease. The study objectives were to evaluate this together with the information and ovarian cancer risk management preferences of high-risk women. One hundred and twenty-nine women were assessed after their attendance at one of six familial cancer clinics in relation to knowledge of surveillance and/or preventative strategies for reduction of ovarian cancer risk, preferences for particular strategies, and information preferences. Screening was selected by 57 (44%) women as the preferred risk management option. One hundred and five women (82%) indicated a wish for as much information as possible about ovarian cancer, including both good and bad outcomes and 114 (89%) reported a preference for sharing treatment decisions with their health professional. Participants' knowledge about ovarian cancer risk management options was significantly associated with educational levels (Z=-3.2, p=0.001) and whether or not ovarian cancer was included in the family history (Z=-2.3, p=0.018). Findings from this present study indicate that women at increased risk of ovarian cancer who attend familial cancer clinics want as much information as possible about this disease and they want to be involved in the decision-making process. Women who reported a lower level of education (no post-school qualifications) may be most likely to benefit from additional educational strategies designed to supplement genetic counseling to improve their knowledge levels. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Tiller, K.
Meiser, Bettina
Gould, L.
Tucker, K.
Dudding, T.
Franklin, J.
Friedlander, M.
Andrews, L.
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Journal Article
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UNSW Faculty