Precise indoor positioning with pseudolites : iRTK, iPPP and iPPP-RTK

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Embargoed until 2022-06-30
Copyright: Sun, Yu
A pseudolite (PL) is a ground-based positioning system that offers flexible deployment and accurate “orbits”. The PL system can carry on the role of the GNSS to provide precise positioning for indoor users. However, there are some unusual challenges that seriously affect the performance of a PL system in precise indoor positioning. To raise PL-based positioning accuracy up to the centimeter level or higher, the use of the PL carrier phase measurement with ambiguity resolution is a unique consideration. The PL phase ambiguities are also contaminated by clock bias, multipath errors, and cycle clips. Their existence destroys the integer nature of ambiguity and impedes the pursuit of further accuracy improvement. The major contributions in this research for addressing the above-mentioned challenging issues are specified as follows: 1. The ground-based AR methods are discussed. The impact of ground-based geometry on indoor AR is researched, and the influence of linearization error is also investigated. An efficient PL-based AR method is studied and verified in the balance of gaining convenience and avoiding linearization impact. 2. The clock bias between PL transmitters can be properly handled in a way that time synchronization can be achieved with a transmitter-only PL system at low cost and simplicity. Therefore, the PL-based the ambiguities are able to be fixed to correct integers, and centimeter-level indoor precise positioning can be reliably achieved. In addition, the proposed way for time synchronization is also applicable for other ground-based systems for precise positioning purposes. 3. The stochastic model for mitigation of indoor multipath and NLOS is investigated. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed stochastic model is superior to other existing models in indoor multipath mitigation as it is competent to suppress the multipath errors mainly caused by multipath to the smallest in both static and kinematic results, respectively. Moreover, it is also verified to be efficient for NLOS mitigation. With the proposed new stochastic model, precise point positioning is confidently expected indoors. 4. The methods for PL-based cycle slips are extensively studied and discussed. Numerical results indicate that the integer-cycle slips can be efficiently and accurately detected and corrected. The concern about PL-based cycle slip is minimized, the reliability and sustainability of PL-based precise indoor positioning can be promised.
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Sun, Yu
Wang, Jinling
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PhD Doctorate
UNSW Faculty
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