Publication:
A spatial approach to select pilot counties for programs to correct the biased sex ratio at birth in Shandong province, China

dc.contributor.author Zhang, Kun en_US
dc.contributor.author Laffan, Shawn en_US
dc.contributor.author Zhang, Songlin en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2021-11-25T13:15:38Z
dc.date.available 2021-11-25T13:15:38Z
dc.date.issued 2009 en_US
dc.description.abstract The highly skewed sex ratio at birth (SRB) in China has stimulated numerous studies. However, the geographic distribution of SRB is seldom investigated, particularly at the county level. The need for an understanding at this level has increased since the Chinese government initiated its “Care for Girls” campaign to improve the survival rate of females. This campaign has been initiated in a set of pilot counties. In this paper, we assess the effectiveness of the set of pilot counties in Shandong province, and propose two alternate configurations. To do this, we first assess the spatial distribution of the SRB values by county in Shandong, expressed as a z-score (zSRB) after correcting for the biologically expected SRB value and population size of zero-aged children. A local Moran’s Ii analysis of the zSRB values indicates a significant high-high cluster in the southwest of the province. The Ii, zSRB and female deficit (the difference of the observed from biologically expected number of zero-aged females) were then used to define two alternate configurations for the pilot counties. A comparison of the current and alternate configurations against a Monte Carlo randomisation analysis shows that the current configuration is significantly different from a random selection (p<0.05) for the two criteria of maximising the aggregate female deficit and maximising the zSRB. While this is a good result, both alternate configurations were more significant (p<0.001), and therefore represent potentially better configurations for the campaign given the criteria used. The spatial analysis approach developed here could be used to improve the effectiveness of the Care for Girls campaign in Shandong province, and elsewhere in China. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1365-8816 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1959.4/39443
dc.language English
dc.language.iso EN en_US
dc.rights CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 en_US
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/au/ en_US
dc.source Legacy MARC en_US
dc.subject.other China en_US
dc.subject.other Sex ratio at birth (SRB) en_US
dc.subject.other Shandong province en_US
dc.subject.other “Care for Girls” campaign en_US
dc.subject.other Local Indicators of Spatial Association en_US
dc.subject.other spatial analysis en_US
dc.title A spatial approach to select pilot counties for programs to correct the biased sex ratio at birth in Shandong province, China en_US
dc.type Journal Article en
dcterms.accessRights metadata only access
dspace.entity.type Publication en_US
unsw.accessRights.uri http://purl.org/coar/access_right/c_14cb
unsw.identifier.doiPublisher http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13658810902839174 en_US
unsw.relation.faculty Science
unsw.relation.ispartofissue 3 en_US
unsw.relation.ispartofjournal International Journal of Geographical Information Science en_US
unsw.relation.ispartofpagefrompageto 403-416 en_US
unsw.relation.ispartofvolume 24 en_US
unsw.relation.originalPublicationAffiliation Zhang, Kun, Biological, Earth & Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, UNSW en_US
unsw.relation.originalPublicationAffiliation Laffan, Shawn, Biological, Earth & Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, UNSW en_US
unsw.relation.originalPublicationAffiliation Zhang, Songlin en_US
unsw.relation.school School of Biological, Earth & Environmental Sciences *
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