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Proceedings of ACUN-5 Developments in Composites: Advanced, Infrastructural, Natural, and Nano-Composites(2006) Bandyopadhyay, Srikanta; Zeng, Qinghua; Berndt, Christopher C.; Rizkalla, Sami; Gowripalan, N.; Matisons, JanisConference PaperThe topics of ACUN-5 will cover all aspects of the science and technology of composite materials, from materials fabrication, processing, manufacture, structural and property characterisation, theoretical analysis, modelling and simulation, materials design to a variety of applications, such as aerospace, automotive, infrastructure, packaging, ship-building, and recreational products. ACUN-5 will bring together the latest research and developments of the complete range of composite materials, including biocomposites, medical-composites, functional and smart composites, gradient and layered composites, nanocomposites, structural composites and mimicking natural materials. The reinforcements will range from nano-, micro-, meso- to macro-scale in polymer, metal, ceramic and cementitious matrices.
The Effects of Firing Conditions on the Properties of Electrophoretically Deposited Titanium Dioxide Films on Graphite Substrates(2011) Hanaor, Dorian; Michelazzi, Marco; Chenu, Jeremy; Leonelli, Cristina; Sorrell, CharlesJournal ArticleThick anatase films were fabricated on graphite substrates using a method of anodic aqueous electrophoretic-deposition using oxalic acid as a dispersant. Thick films were subsequently fired in air and in nitrogen at a range of temperatures. The morphology and phase composition were assessed and the photocatalytic performance was examined by the inactivation of Escherichia coli in water. It was found that the transformation of anatase to rutile is enhanced by the presence of a graphite substrate through reduction effects. The use of a nitrogen atmosphere allows higher firing temperatures, results in less cracking of the films and yields superior bactericidal performance in comparison with firing in air. The beneficial effects of a nitrogen firing atmosphere on the photocatalytic performance of the material are likely to be a result of the diffusion of nitrogen and carbon into the TiO2 lattice and the consequent creation of new valence band states.
(2008) Guo, Jun; Wong, Eric; Chan, Sammy; Taylor, Peter; Zukerman, Moshe; Tang, Kit-SangJournal ArticleThe designers of a large scale video-on-demand system face an optimization problem of deciding how to assign movies to multiple disks (servers) such that the request blocking probability is minimized subject to capacity constraints. To solve this problem, it is essential to develop scalable and accurate analytical means to evaluate the blocking performance of the system for a given file assignment. The performance analysis is made more complicated by the fact that the request blocking probability depends also on how disks are selected to serve user requests for multicopy movies. In this paper, we analyze several efficient resource selection schemes. Numerical results demonstrate that our analysis is scalable and sufficiently accurate to support the task of file assignment optimization in such a system. © 2008 IEEE.
(2007) Cho, Eun-Chel; Green, Martin A.; Corkish, Richard Paul; Reece, Peter; Gal, Michael; Lee, Soo-HongJournal ArticleCrystalline silicon single quantum wells (QWs) were fabricated by high temperature thermal oxidation of ELTRAN® (Epitaxial Layer TRANsfer) silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafers. The Si layer thicknesses enclosed by thermal SiO2 range from 0.8 to 5nm. Luminescence energies from ELTRAN QWs vary from 700nm (1.77eV) to 920nm (1.35eV) depending on the Si layer thickness, without evidence for the interface-mediated transitions observed in earlier reported work. The ability to detect quantum confined luminescence seems to arise from the use of ELTRAN SOI wafers, from suppressed interface state luminescence by high temperature oxidation and, possibly, from interface matching by crystalline silicon oxide. In contrast, SOI wafers prepared by the SIMOX (Separation by IMplantation of OXygen) process showed strong interface mediated features.
(2009) Russell, Carol; Spralja, ZlatkoConference PaperThe University of New South Wales introduced interviews for undergraduate admissions in 2006. This was one of several initiatives to broaden engineering study and move from focusing on traditional academic knowledge towards building ability in professional engineering design problem solving. We analysed interview and 1st year academic results for 600 FEAS applicants who subsequently became undergraduate engineering students at the University. The analyses show that that student success overall is still strongly related to theoretical skills, despite curriculum change initiatives. Other studies suggest a potential explanation: established engineering academic value systems are hard to shift. Both the interviews and undergraduate coursework assessment are conducted mainly by academic researchers who have themselves successfully come through a traditional engineering education. The results of this study have not only suggested how to improve the interview processes, but have also provided quantitative evidence of the systemic mechanisms that sustain established learning and teaching practices.
(2018) Jin, XiaohengThesisGraphene oxide is a single layer of carbon atoms with decorated oxygen functional groups. Stacked monolayers in the laminate form create an interlayer space of sub-nanometer scale with oxygenated functional group to attract water molecules, and graphitic domains to allow frictionless flow of water molecules and achieve maximum efficiency of water transportation. The research reported herein is aimed to understand and explore characteristics of the diffusion-dependent mass transportation across an array of cascading nanochannels confined by graphene oxide laminates at sub-nanometer level. This dissertation has 6 Chapters. Chapter 1 is the introduction and Chapter 2 reports the recent progress in graphene oxide for mass transport application. Chapter 3 discusses efforts of engineering the channel confinement, which is represented by the interlayer spacing in between graphene oxide laminates. By adjusting the fundamental factors of graphene oxide suspension, the interlayer spacing can be controlled at 0.7 to 0.8 nm. Based on the engineered interlayer spacing, separation of vaporous mixture by graphene oxide membrane is studied in Chapter 4. Numerical description of nanochannels enclosed by graphene oxide monolayers is determined by time lag analysis. The feature of ethanol vapor transportation with the support of water vapor is revealed, showing accelerated transportation of non-permeable matter, which enriches the existing knowledge. A geometrical model of graphene oxide membrane for vapor separation was established and analyzed. In Chapter 5, adsorption and intercalated of molecules and solvated ions are studied and proved as a size-dependent enlargement of graphene oxide nanochannels. Carriers such as water and ethanol are used for transporting ions and molecules into graphene oxide slits. Taking the adsorption into consideration, permeation of vaporous substances through adsorbed graphene oxide membrane is investigated in Chapter 6. The research initiates researching crystallization of adsorbed matters in graphene oxide interlayer structure. A simplified model was directed to predict the water vapor permeation behavior of intercalated graphene oxide membrane. Such efforts not only lead to a better understating of graphene oxide membrane for gas separation but also give a hint of spatially efficient matter transport in achieving excellent electrochemical devices with graphene oxide components.