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(1996) Sproul, Alistair; Edminston, Sean; Puzzer, Tom; Heiser, Gernot; Wenham, Stuart; Green, Martin; Young, TimothyConference PaperAn analytical model is developed to decribe recombination currents arising from recombination at grain boundaries (GBs) in the depletion region of a p-n junction solar cell. Grain boundaries are modelled as having a single energy evel in the energy gap, and partial occupancy of these stats gives raise to a chage on the GB. The analytical model is compared to a complete numerical simulation package (DESSIS) and found to be in excellent agreement. Additionally,. cross sectional EBIC images of a multilayer device containing vertical GBs are presented. The experimental data is comared qualitatively with results derived from numerical modelling.
(1997) Epps, Julien; Dowd, Annette; Smith, John; Wolfe, JosephConference PaperThe formants of speech sounds are usually attributed to resonances of the vocal tract. Formant frequencies are usually estimated by inspection of spectrograms or by automated techniques such as linear prediction. In this paper we measure the frequencies of the first two resonances of the vocal tract directly, in real time, using acoustic impedance spectrometry. The vocal tract is excited by a carefully calibrated, broad band, acoustic current signal applied outside the lips while the subject is speaking. The sound pressure response is analysed to give the resonant frequencies. We compare this new method (Real-time Acoustic Vocal tract Excitation or RAVE) with linear prediction and we report the vocal tract resonances for eleven vowels of Australian English. We also report preliminary results of using feedback from vocal tract excitation as a speech trainer, and its effect on improving the pronunciation of foreign vowel sounds by monolingual anglophones.
Radio frequency readout of electrically detected magnetic resonance in phosphorus-doped silicon MOSFETs(2010) Willems van Beveren, Laurens; Huebl, H.; Starrett, Robert; Morello, AndreaConference PaperWe demonstrate radio frequency (RF) readout of electrically detected magnetic resonance in phosphorus-doped silicon metal-oxide field-effecttransistors (MOSFETs), operated at liquid helium temperatures. For the first time, the Si:P hyperfine lines have been observed using radio frequency reflectometry, which is promising for high-bandwidth operation and possibly time-resolved detection of spin resonance in donor-based semiconductor devices. Here we present the effect of microwave (MW) power and MOSFET biasing conditions on the EDMR signals.