Science

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Now showing 1 - 10 of 33
  • (1998) Bradley, Peter; Rozenfeld, Anatoly; Lee, Kevin; Jamieson, Dana; Heiser, Gernot; Satoh, S
    Journal Article
    The first results obtained using a SOI device for microdosimetry applications are presented. Microbeam and broadbeam spectroscopy methods are used for determining minority carrier lifetime and radiation damage constants. A spectroscopy model is presented which includes the majority of effects that impact spectral resolution. Charge collection statistics were found to substantially affect spectral resolution. Lateral diffusion effects significantly complicate charge collection


  • (1997) Wolfe, Joseph; Yoon, Yong; Pope, J
    Journal Article
    Quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance was used to measure the freezing behaviour of lamellar phases of phosphatidylcholine in water and in solutions of sorbitol. Both solute and solvent were deuterated in different series of experiments to allow the calculation of the partitioning of solute and solvent molecules between the lamellar phase and unfrozen bulk solution. Sorbitol, as well as water, was found to redistribute between these phases as a function of temperature. The results show a strong, repulsive, interlamellar force which decreases approximately exponentially with hydration. Compared to measurements on lipid/water systems and solute/water systems, the hydration of the lamellar phase containing solutes is slightly less than the sum of the hydrations of lipid and solute at any given chemical potential of water. For a lamellar phase with a given quantity of lipid, interlamellar sorbitol and water, reduction of chemical potential of water is greater than that due to lipid acting alone plus that due to solute acting alone.

  • (1997) Smith, John; Epps, Julien; Wolfe, Joseph
    Journal Article
    Acoustic resonances of the vocal tract give rise to formants (broad bands of acoustic power) in the speech signal when the vocal tract is excited by a periodic signal from the vocal folds. This paper reports a novel instrument which uses a real-time, non-invasive technique to measure these resonances accurately during phonation. A broadband acoustic current source is located just outside the mouth of the subject and the resulting acoustic pressure is measured near the lips. The contribution of the speech signal in the pressure spectrum is then digitally suppressed and the resonances are calculated from the input impedance of the vocal tract as a function of frequency. The external excitation signal has a much smaller harmonic spacing than the periodic signal from the vocal folds and consequently the resonances are determined much more accurately due to the closer sampling. This is particularly important for higher pitched voices and we demonstrate that this technique can be markedly superior to the curve-fitting technique of linear prediction. The superior frequency resolution of this instrument which results from external vocal tract excitation can provide the precise, stable, effective, articulatory feedback considered essential for some language-learning and speech therapy applications.

  • (1998) Gu, Genda; Han, Shaowei; Lin, Zheng; Zhao, Yong; Russell, Graeme
    Journal Article

  • (1998) Walsh, Andrew; Burton, Michael; Robinson, Garry; Nyland, A
    Journal Article

  • (1997) Han, Shaowei; Zhao, Yong; Gu, Genda; Russell, Graeme; Koshizuka, N
    Journal Article

  • (1997) Russell, Graeme; Gu, Genda; Zhao, Yong; Han, Shaowei; Koshizuka, N; He, Ying
    Journal Article
    We report experimental studies of transport properties of superconducting Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ (Bi-2212) bicrystals with various degrees of high quality [001] twist grain boundaries. We find similar resistive onset temperature and field for both the grain-boundary and the constituent single crystals. Critical current across the grain boundaries is essentially independent of twist angle. These results show that the strength of superconducting coupling along the c-axis of [001] twist grain boundaries does no depend on misorientation angle.

  • (1997) Han, Shaowei; Zhao, Yong; Gu, Genda; Russell, Graeme; Koshizuka, N
    Journal Article
    Superconducting fluctuations have been studied by systematic measurements of the in-plane paraconductivity in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 single crystals with different resistivity anisotropies. It has been observed that the interlayer coupling strength decreases dramatically with the anisotropy of the sample, which significantly influences the dimensional behaviour of the in-plane paraconductivity. For all the samples studied, the in-plane paraconductivity is in good agreement with the Lawrence and Doniach model. For the sample of highest resistivity anisotropy, the behaviour of the in-plane paraconductivity is basically two-dimensional, but deviates significantly from two-dimensional behaviour as the resistivity anisotropy decreases.

  • (1999) Han, Shaowei; Zhao, Yong; Choi, C; Andrikidis, C
    Journal Article
    Flux pinning force and irreversibility lines have been investigated for melt-textured YBa2Cu3Oy crystals containing Y2BaCuO5 (211) particles with an average size ranging from 20 to 0.02 microns. We found that the irreversibility lines are increasingly improved and that the pinning force as well as the Jc is greatly enhanced as the average size of the 211 particles decreases. The Fp-H curve exhibits two peaks in the samples containing very fine 211 particles (nanometer size particles), which suggests that an addition pinning mechanism is involved in this type of samples. The experimental results can be well explained with combining the interface-pinning mechanism and the match effect.