Science

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Now showing 1 - 10 of 35
  • (1998) Corkish, Richard; Sproul, Alistair; Puzzer, Tom; Altermatt, Peter; Heiser, Gernot; Luke, Keung
    Conference Paper

  • (1998) Bradley, Peter; Rozenfeld, Anatoly; Lee, Kevin; Jamieson, Dana; Heiser, Gernot; Satoh, S
    Journal Article
    The first results obtained using a SOI device for microdosimetry applications are presented. Microbeam and broadbeam spectroscopy methods are used for determining minority carrier lifetime and radiation damage constants. A spectroscopy model is presented which includes the majority of effects that impact spectral resolution. Charge collection statistics were found to substantially affect spectral resolution. Lateral diffusion effects significantly complicate charge collection

  • (1997) Corkish, Richard; Puzzer, Tom; Sproul, Alistair; Luke, Keung; Heiser, Gernot
    Conference Paper

  • (1996) Sproul, Alistair; Edminston, Sean; Puzzer, Tom; Heiser, Gernot; Wenham, Stuart; Green, Martin; Young, Timothy
    Conference Paper
    An analytical model is developed to decribe recombination currents arising from recombination at grain boundaries (GBs) in the depletion region of a p-n junction solar cell. Grain boundaries are modelled as having a single energy evel in the energy gap, and partial occupancy of these stats gives raise to a chage on the GB. The analytical model is compared to a complete numerical simulation package (DESSIS) and found to be in excellent agreement. Additionally,. cross sectional EBIC images of a multilayer device containing vertical GBs are presented. The experimental data is comared qualitatively with results derived from numerical modelling.


  • (1997) Wolfe, Joseph; Yoon, Yong; Pope, J
    Journal Article
    Quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance was used to measure the freezing behaviour of lamellar phases of phosphatidylcholine in water and in solutions of sorbitol. Both solute and solvent were deuterated in different series of experiments to allow the calculation of the partitioning of solute and solvent molecules between the lamellar phase and unfrozen bulk solution. Sorbitol, as well as water, was found to redistribute between these phases as a function of temperature. The results show a strong, repulsive, interlamellar force which decreases approximately exponentially with hydration. Compared to measurements on lipid/water systems and solute/water systems, the hydration of the lamellar phase containing solutes is slightly less than the sum of the hydrations of lipid and solute at any given chemical potential of water. For a lamellar phase with a given quantity of lipid, interlamellar sorbitol and water, reduction of chemical potential of water is greater than that due to lipid acting alone plus that due to solute acting alone.

  • (1997) Smith, John; Epps, Julien; Wolfe, Joseph
    Journal Article
    Acoustic resonances of the vocal tract give rise to formants (broad bands of acoustic power) in the speech signal when the vocal tract is excited by a periodic signal from the vocal folds. This paper reports a novel instrument which uses a real-time, non-invasive technique to measure these resonances accurately during phonation. A broadband acoustic current source is located just outside the mouth of the subject and the resulting acoustic pressure is measured near the lips. The contribution of the speech signal in the pressure spectrum is then digitally suppressed and the resonances are calculated from the input impedance of the vocal tract as a function of frequency. The external excitation signal has a much smaller harmonic spacing than the periodic signal from the vocal folds and consequently the resonances are determined much more accurately due to the closer sampling. This is particularly important for higher pitched voices and we demonstrate that this technique can be markedly superior to the curve-fitting technique of linear prediction. The superior frequency resolution of this instrument which results from external vocal tract excitation can provide the precise, stable, effective, articulatory feedback considered essential for some language-learning and speech therapy applications.

  • (1995) Han, Shaowei; Gu, Genda; Zhao, Yong; Russell, Graeme; Koshizuka, N
    Journal Article
    Two types of Bi-2212 single crystals, one type having a low T c and the other having a high T¢ were annealed in air at different temperatures over the range 450°C to 750°C followed by furnace cooling. The transition temperature of the crystals with low T c (~ 56 K) increased with increase of annealing temperature, while the crystals with high Tc (~ 91 K) had just the opposite behaviour under the same annealing conditions. It is indicated that the quality of as-grown crystal has a significant effect on the superconducting properties of the annealed crystal. The c-axis values for both types of crystals decreased with increase of annealing temperature. According to the relationship between c-axis values and the oxygen content, our results confirmed the existence of a dome-shaped curve of T¢ with carrier concentration in Bi-2212 single crystal similar to that in Bi-2212 compound reported previously by Groen and de Leeuw [Physica C 159 (1989) 417]. By studying the increase of annealing time at a fixed temperature of 650°C, T¢ and ATe were found to change very little for both types of crystals. Thus, T c and AT~ were more sensitive to annealing temperature than to annealing time. XRD, SEM and EDS revealed that a small quantity of powder phase appeared after annealing at temperatures above 500°C for both types of crystals. This powder phase had the Bi-2212 composition, which indicated that the integrity of the Bi-2212 single crystals was significantly degraded by the annealing process.

  • (1998) Gu, Genda; Han, Shaowei; Lin, Zheng; Zhao, Yong; Russell, Graeme
    Journal Article

  • (1998) Walsh, Andrew; Burton, Michael; Robinson, Garry; Nyland, A
    Journal Article