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(2003) Aurum, Aybuke; Demirbilek, OyaConference Paper
(2008) Luthria, Haresh; Rabhi, FethiConference PaperThe paradigm of service-oriented computing (SOC) has emerged as an approach to provide flexibility and agility, not just in systems development but also in business process management. This modular approach to defining business flows as technology independent services has gained unanimous popularity among end-users and technology vendors alike. Although there is a significant amount of research ongoing on the technology implementations of service oriented architectures (SOAs), there is a paucity of research literature on the factors affecting the adoption of service-oriented computing and the realization of business value in practice. This paper empirically examines the adoption of SOC as an enterprise strategy across fifteen firms, and discusses the organizational constraints that influence the enterprise adoption and implementation of SOA. In doing so, this paper fills a crucial gap in the academic literature about the practical use of SOA as an enterprise strategy for agility, and lays the groundwork for future work on SOA alignment with organizational strategy. The paper also provides practitioners with guidelines for the successful implementation of SOA to achieve business value.
(2007) Luthria, Haresh; Rabhi, Fethi; Briers, MichaelConference PaperThe paradigm of service-oriented computing (SOC) has emerged as an architectural approach to flexibility and agility, not just in systems development but also in business process management. There is, however, a paucity of critical research assessing the strategic impact of SOA on the competitiveness of organizations. Some research literature in strategic management indicates that firms may gain a competitive advantage in rapidly changing market environments by concentrating on their dynamic capabilities – i.e., product flexibility and agility in organizational transformation in response to rapidly changing market conditions and customer requirements. The intent of this paper is to analyze the conduits through which service-oriented architectures (SOAs) may exert influence on dynamic capabilities within firms. The results could potentially assist in evaluating if and how the adoption of service-oriented architecture may help achieve key dynamic capabilities, giving the enterprise a competitive edge.
(2008) Luthria, Haresh; Aurum, Aybuke; Low, Graham; Rabhi, FethiConference PaperValue based requirements engineering plays a critical role in software development because it seeks to align requirements with the organizational strate-gy that drives business value. This paper discusses the value proposition of ser-vice-oriented architectures and proposes a value-based decision mechanism for requirements engineering for service oriented systems. In doing so, it lays the groundwork for future research into the important but relatively unexplored area of service oriented requirements engineering.
Building the Business Case for SOA: A Study of the Business Drivers for Technology Infrastructure Supporting Financial Service Institutions(2008) Luthria, Haresh; Rabhi, FethiConference PaperFinancial service institutions are pursuing organizational agility in the face of an increasingly competitive marketplace, and are consequently looking infrastructure technologies that enable process and infrastructure agility. Service-oriented computing (SOC) appears to provide flexibility and agility, not just in systems development but also in business process management. This paper empirically examines the decision to adopt SOC as an enterprise strategy across fifteen firms, and investigates the business drivers that influence the enterprise adoption of SOA. In doing so, this paper adds crucial empirical evidence to the formal academic literature about the business case for SOA as an enterprise strategy, and lays the groundwork for future work on SOA alignment with business strategy.
Institutional repositories as portents of change: Disruption or reassembly? Conjectures and reconfigurations(2008) Kennan, Mary Anne; Cole, Fletcher T.H.Conference PaperThis paper reviews how Open Access policies (OA) and Institutional Repositories (IR) might be portrayed as agents of change within the realm of scholarly publishing. Using commentary on academic publishing as background, commentary that sees OA and IR as optimal and inevitable, and beneficially disruptive of the existing system, two theoretical approaches are presented as ways of providing a more detailed and explicit analysis of OA/IR dynamics. Both theories to varying degrees derive their inspiration from an exploration of the nature of change. The first “disruptive technology/disruptive innovation” approach (Christensen) specifies change in market theory terms, a re-structuring "driven" by innovation within, and possibly disruptive of, existing market arrangements. The second approach views change as a process of "reassembling" and reconfiguring of relationships between elements of a network (Actor-Network Theory). The application of both approaches to OA/IR is explored, including reference to a case study on a university institutional repository implementation. While "disruption" and similar terms might be in common and casual use, the basic idea gains greater clarity in these theories, and in doing so promotes greater awareness of the assumptions being made, and the aspirations being pursued.
(2013) Chen, Elaine; Shipton, Helen; Bednall, Timothy; Sanders, KarinConference Paper
(2009) Ghobadi, Shahla; Daneshgar, FarhadConference PaperAt any given time the two rival organizational values cooperation and competition coexist in any team and/or organization in different intensities and mix, depending on both internal factors (e.g., culture, task dimensions of accuracy and speed) and external factors (e.g., market and competitive forces). However, determining that desirable intensity and mix of these two values seems to be a challenging task in the current literature and no explicit method currently exists for measuring factors that may lead to determination of such desirable mix. Considering the crucial impacts of these values on organizational behaviours, this in turn may result in loss of efficiency and productivity in organizations. In this study a systematic review of current literatures in the areas of knowledge management, social psychology, organizational studies and Computer-Supported Cooperative Systems (CSCW) studies, is used to uncover a research theme for analysing the impacts of the two rival organizational values competition and cooperation on knowledge sharing behaviours through promotive interaction between individuals. Supporting the IT-culture conflict theory, this study is considered as a research theme which investigates the impact of culture on IT application and use. More specifically, by combining the goal interdependency theory of conflict, social learning theory, the internal organizational forces of competition and cooperation and the awareness net analysis, the present study deeply investigate the term tension between cooperative and competitive values and their impact on organizational behaviours. It then introduces factors that can assist in finding an optimal mix of the cooperative and competitive values in organizations at any given time. The present study also relates the above optimal mix/tension with the organization’s reward structure, the task dimensions of ‘speed’ and ‘accuracy’, group characteristics and organizational climate in order to draw inferences for attaining an optimal level of process awareness for individuals while performing their tasks within an organization.
(2008) Austin, Janet ElizabethConference PaperDishonesty is fast becoming entrenched in commercial law in Australia as the defining characteristic distinguishing criminal conduct from conduct which only has civil or civil penalty consequences. Many of the serious offence provisions under the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) require the prosecution to prove dishonesty and dishonesty has been adopted as a key element of the new cartel offence provision which is proposed for inclusion in the Trade Practices Act 1974 (Cth). Whilst deciding whether conduct is dishonest may be straightforward in most cases, situations can arise where a lawyer may be asked to advise a client as to whether a proposed course of conduct is dishonest and the answer may not be clear cut. Advising a client in such a situation may be difficult because current tests of dishonesty tend to reflect standards of ethics and morality generally accepted by the community which may not accord with the client’s and/or the lawyer’s personal standards. This article will examine the concept of dishonesty in the context of commercial crime, attempt to add some clarity to this particularly fluid concept and scrutinize the lawyers’ role in ensuring clients’ actions accord with community values.
Reassembling scholarly publishing: Institutional repositories, open access, and the process of change(2007) Kennan, Mary Anne; Cecez-Kecmanovic, DubravkaConference PaperThe domain of scholarly publishing is undergoing rapid change. Change has been instigated and produced by the Internet and open access systems – such as disciplinary and institutional repositories and open access journals. However traditional scholarly publishing is strengthening its hold over prestigious journals thus resisting change. How then does the change come about? An attempt at answering this question led us to examine an institutional repository initiative in a University. As we identified and followed the actors (researchers, research papers, reward systems, technology, library staff, etc.) we saw the emergence of new publishing practices and the forces preserving the old ones. By adopting Actor Network Theory (ANT) we came to understand the materiality, relationality and ambiguity of processes of reassembling scholarly publishing. This paper thereby informs a wider debate and shaping of open access and scholarly publishing.
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