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Risk for Hepatitis C: Transition and Initiation to Injecting Drug Use Among Youth in a Range of Infecting Drug User Networks(2003) Treloar, Carla; Abelson, Jeanne; Crawford, June; Kippax, Susan; Howard, John; van Beek, Ingrid; Copeland, Jan; Weatherall, Anne Maree; Madden, AnnieReportThis project, funded by NHMRC and NSW Health, aimed to investigate and report on a number of aspects of initiation and transition to injecting drug use among young people. The report focuses on issues of: • transition to injecting – what drugs were used prior to injection, what was participants’ contact with injectors; • the initiation episode – describing the factors about the occasion (what drugs were used, where injecting equipment was accessed), as well as characteristics of the initiator and their social networks; • the effect of drug most frequently used – between current stimulant and opioid injectors; • age at initiation – differences between early and late initiators; • hepatitis C status – self-reporting of positive hepatitis C serostatus; • risk practice for blood borne viruses – variables of risk, demography, and social networks are examined in determining those more likely to self-report risk practices such as sharing, borrowing or re-using injection equipment; • transitions out of injecting – we examine patterns of drug use and efforts of participants to reduce or stop drug use.
Risk for hepatitis C: Transition and initiation to injecting drug use among youth in a range of injecting drug user networks(2003) Treloar, Carla; Abelson, Jeanne; Crawford, June; Kippax, Susan; Howard, John; van Beek, Ingrid; Copeland, Jan; Weatherall, Anne Maree; Madden, AnnieReportThis project, funded by NHMRC and NSW Health, aimed to investigate and report on a number of aspects of initiation and transition to injecting drug use among young people. The report focuses on issues of transition to injecting, the initiation episode, the effect of drug most frequently used, age at initiation, hepatitis C status, risk practice for blood borne viruses, and transitions out of injecting.
(2007) Hughes, Caitlin; Stevens, AlexReportIn 2004, the Beckley Foundation reported on the legal changes that took place in Portugal in 2001 (Allen, Trace & Klein 2004). This report aims to provide an updated overview of the effects of these changes, using data from the evaluations that have been carried out and from new interviews with key stakeholders in Portugal. We reviewed the available evaluative reports (Moreira, Trigueiros & Antunes 2007; Tavares, Graça, Martins & Asensio 2005; Trigo de Roza 2007) and also carried out 11 interviews with key stakeholders in October 2007. These included representatives of the Institute for Drugs and Drug Addiction (the government body in charge of researching and responding to drug addiction and use), non-governmental organisations, political parties and national and international drug researchers1. This report provides information for an international audience on the current trends and the perceptions of key stakeholders regarding the major impacts, successes, and challenges in adopting decriminalization.