Medicine & Health

Publication Search Results

Now showing 1 - 7 of 7
  • (2011) Bryant, Joanne; Ward, James; Worth, Heather; Hull, Peter; Solar , Sarina; Bailey , Sandra
    Journal Article

  • (2010) Kelly, Angela; Worth, Heather; Man, N.; Nosi, S.; Emori, R.; Mek, A.; Akuani, F.; Kupul, M.; Kepa, B.; Walizopa, L.; Pirpir, L.; Cangah , B.; Siba , P.; Frankland, Andrew; Rawstorne, Patrick
    Journal Article
    Papua New Guinea (PNG) is in a phase of scaling up access to antiretroviral therapy (ART), and adherence to the newly available drug therapy is becoming an important issue. This paper examines adherence to ART in a sample of 374 HIV-positive people in six provinces in PNG. Participants were recruited to the study using non-probability sampling. Sixty-two % of participants reported complete adherence (no missed or late doses in the past week) and 79% reported not missing any doses in the last week. Revival church members were significantly more likely to report having missing a treatment dose(s) (66%). Those living in the Highlands and those attending Catholic health clinics were significantly more likely to be adherent to their treatment. Age, gender, marital status, education level and employment type did not show significant association with treatment adherence. Adherence rates in PNG are not alarming, indicating that people with HIV can adhere to treatment despite the challenges of living in PNG.

  • (2011) Holt, Martin; Rawstorne, Patrick; Worth, Heather; Bittman, Michael; Wilkinson, Jennifer; Kippax, Susan
    Journal Article
    We analysed HIV disclosure between Australian men who have sex with men (MSM) who reported anal intercourse with their last casual male partner. Of 804 MSM included in the analysis, 413 reported HIV disclosure and 391 reported no disclosure. After identifying bivariate associations with HIV disclosure, we developed three models of HIV disclosure (one for untested, one for HIV-negative and one for HIV-positive MSM). A range of factors was found to be associated with HIV disclosure. Having previously had sex with the last casual male partner and expecting HIV-negative and HIV-positive men to disclose before sex were predictors of HIV disclosure shared by more than one serostatus group. As unprotected anal intercourse was more common among MSM who disclosed (across all serostatus groups), we suggest caution should be exercised before encouraging HIV disclosure as a prevention strategy. Nondisclosure remains more strongly associated with safe sex among Australian MSM.

  • (2010) Prestage, Garrett; Imrie, John; Kippax, Susan; Donovan, Basil; Templeton, David; Cunningham, Amy; Mindel, Adrian; Cunningham, Philip; Kaldor, John; Grulich, Andrew; Jin, Feng Yi
    Journal Article

  • (2010) Holt, Martin; Rawstorne, Patrick; Wilkinson, Jennifer; Worth, Heather
    Journal Article
    A significant minority of Australian men who have sex with men (MSM) have never been tested for HIV and many men do not test as often as recommended. Using data from 1770 HIV-negative and untested MSM collected in a national, online survey, we compared men who had never tested for HIV with those who had tested over 12 months ago and men who had tested over 12 months ago with those that had tested in the past year. Two multivariate logistic regression models were constructed. Compared with men tested over 12 months ago, untested men were younger, less educated, less likely to have unprotected anal intercourse with a regular male partner, less likely to have sought advice from a doctor, nurse or community organisation, more likely to expect HIV-negative disclosure, had fewer gay friends and spent more time using social networking websites. Compared with men who had tested over 12 months ago, men who had tested within the last year were younger, more likely to expect HIV-negative disclosure and disclose to casual partners, more likely to have sought advice from a doctor or nurse, had attended gay pools, gyms or beaches and had more gay friends and more male sex partners. Our findings suggest that the Internet and sex education in schools are important ways to promote HIV testing to untested MSM. Testing reinforcement messages delivered through gay community outreach and primary care will reach previously tested MSM.

  • (2010) Brener, Loren; Spooner, Catherine; Treloar, Carla
    Journal Article
    Needle and Syringe Programmes (NSP) play an important role in providing targeted services for people who inject drugs to prevent the harms associated with drug use. This commentary considers whether the role of NSP could be expanded to include prevention of initiation to injecting. In an Australian case study, consultations were undertaken with 13 stakeholders working with at-risk youth and/or in the drug field. Ongoing formal and informal discussion in other forums expanded on the points raised during the stakeholder interviews. Incorporating strategies to prevent initiation to injecting within the existing NSP framework is complex and requires attention to the following: the current focus and success of NSP, the target group that access NSP, concerns about perceived moralism, workforce development concerns and the culture and setting of NSP. Without careful consideration of these important issues, a strategy to prevent initiation to injecting could undermine the core business of NSPs – of preventing harms associated with injecting drug use – and could alienate injecting drug users who are their primary target group.

  • (2010) Kippax, Susan; Stephenson, Niamh; Turner, Bryan S.
    Book Chapter