Medicine & Health

Publication Search Results

Now showing 1 - 7 of 7
  • (2000) Waite, Phil; Gorrie, Catherine; Benetatos, Angelo; Brown, Jennifer; Duflou, J
    Conference Paper

  • (1999) Gorrie, Catherine; Duflou, J; Brown, Jennifer; Waite, Phil
    Journal Article

  • (1998) Waite, Phil; Gorrie, Catherine; Mark, Adam; Duflou, J; Brown, Jennifer
    Conference Paper

  • (2008) Dain, Stephen; Floyd, Richard; Elliott, Robert
    Journal Article
    The hypotheses of a visual basis to reading disabilities in some children have centered around deficits in the visual processes displaying more transient reponses to stimuli although hyperactivity in the visual processes displaying sustained reponses to stimuli has also been proposed as a mechanism. In addition, there is clear evidence that colored lenses and/or colored overlays and/or colored backgrounds can influence performance in reading and/or may assist in providing comfortable vision for reading and, as a consequence, the ability to maintain reading for longer. As a consequence, it is surprising that the color vision of poor readers is relatively little studied. We assessed luminance increment thresholds and equi-luminous red-green and blue-yellow increment thresholds using a computer based test in central vision and at 10 degrees nasally employing the paradigm pioneered by King-Smith. We examined 35 poor readers (based on the Neale Analysis of Reading) and compared their performance with 35 normal readers...

  • (2008) Cranney, Jacquelyn; Jones, Gwyn; Morris, Suzanne; Starfield, Sue; Martire, Kristy; Newell, Benjamin; Wong, Kwan
    Conference Paper

  • (2009) Lloyd, Bradley; Williamson, Dominique; Singh, Nalin; Hansen, Ross; Diamond, Terrence; Finnegan, Terence; Allen, Barry; Grady, Jodie; Stavrinos, T; Smith, Emma; Diwan, Ashish; Singh, Maria
    Journal Article
    Background The incidence and etiology of falls in patients following hip fracture remains poorly understood. Methods We prospectively investigated the incidence of, and risk factors for, recurrent and injurious falls in community-dwelling persons admitted for surgical repair of minimal-trauma hip fracture. Fall surveillance methods included phone calls, medical records, and fall calendars. Potential predictors of falls included health status, quality of life, nutritional status, body composition, muscle strength, range of motion, gait velocity, balance, walking endurance, disability, cognition, depression, fear of falling, self-efficacy, social support, physical activity level, and vision. Results 193 participants enrolled in the study (81 ± 8 years, 72% women, gait velocity 0.3 ± 0.2 m/s). We identified 227 falls in the year after hip fracture for the 178 participants with fall surveillance data. Fifty-six percent of participants fell at least once, 28% had recurrent falls, 30% were injured, 12% sustained a new fracture, and 5% sustained a new hip fracture. Age-adjusted risk factors for recurrent and injurious falls included lower strength, balance, range of motion, physical activity level, quality of life, depth perception, vitamin D, and nutritional status, and greater polypharmacy, comorbidity, and disability. Multivariate analyses identified older age, congestive heart failure, poorer quality of life, and nutritional status as independent risk factors for recurrent and injurious falls. Conclusions Recurrent and injurious falls are common after hip fracture and are associated with multiple risk factors, many of which are treatable. Interventions should therefore be tailored to alleviating or reversing any nutritional, physiological, and psychosocial risk factors of individual patients.

  • (2006) Brownhill, Suzanne; Wilhelm, Kathleen; Watson, Alan
    Journal Article